The Lone Star State
Texas has long been nicknamed the Lone Star State due to the design of the original Republic of Texas flag, and the current design, both of which incorporate a single 5-point star.
The original design, known as the National Standard of Texas, flew over the Republic of Texas from 1836-1839. The original flag had one gold 5-pointed star set on an azure blue field. It was approved by Texas President Sam Houston on December 10, 1836. This flag flew over the Republic of Texas until January 25, 1839.
National Standard of Texas adopted 1836 A bill describing the “Lone Star Flag”, a flag that would become the second official flag of the Republic of Texas, was introduced on December 28, 1838 by Senator William H. Wharton. The bill was, of course, referred to committee and this committee proposed a substitute bill including the same flag design proposed by Senator Wharton. This bill was passed by the Texas Congress on January 21, 1839 and approved by Texas President Mirabeau B. Lamar on January 25, 1839, almost 6 years before Texas was annexed by the United States.